新发突发疾病防治
用户,您好!欢迎您进入新发突发疾病防治平台!登录 | 注册  NSTL重点领域信息门户  帮助中心  RSS
 您当前的位置:首页 > 重要报告
  • 1   2017-11-14 终结霍乱:至2030的全球路线图 (编译服务:新发突发疾病防治)     
    摘要:

    The Global Roadmap aims to align resources, share best practice and strengthen partnerships between affected countries, donors and international agencies. It underscores the need for a coordinated approach to cholera control with country-level planning for early detection and response to outbreaks. By implementing the Roadmap, up to 20 affected countries could eliminate cholera by 2030.

    来源机构: 世界卫生组织(WHO) | 点击量:241
  • 摘要:

    This fifth update of the risk assessment on human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus, summarises the epidemiological and virological information on the disease in China and Canada, and assesses the risk to public health in the EU/EEA and to EU/EEA citizens. - See more at: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications/_layouts/forms/Publication_DispForm.aspx?List=4f55ad51-4aed-4d32-b960-af70113dbb90&ID=1634#sthash.aSz59UoP.dpuf

    来源机构: 欧洲疾病预防控制中心(ECDC) | 点击量:1236
  • 摘要:

    为指导疾病预防控制专业人员和预防接种人员合理使用EV71疫苗,做好受种儿童家长沟通与咨询,中国疾病预防控制中心制定了《肠道病毒71型灭活疫苗使用技术指南》。

    该指南主要包括EV71病原学、临床学、流行病学、EV71疫苗、EV71疫苗使用建议五个部分,对EV71感染的疾病、诊断与治疗、全球流行概况和我国人群的流行特征、疾病负担、EV71疫苗研发进展、接种对象、接种程序和禁忌、接种管理及注意事项等各方面进行了系统阐述,并对EV71疫苗与其他疫苗同时接种、不同企业疫苗的序贯接种、公众交流与信息传播等提出具体的建议和要求。

    来源机构: 中国疾病预防控制中心 | 点击量:33
  • 摘要:

    As of 29 February 2016, the spread of the Zika virus epidemic in the Americas and Caribbean is continuing. In the light of the current disease trend and the association with severe complications (such as adverse pregnancy outcomes or neurological complications), ECDC is proposing an algorithm for public health management of cases

    under investigation for Zika virus infection and an outline of the strategy for the laboratories performing Zika virus infection diagnostic tests.

    This document aims to present an algorithm for deciding whom to test and provide guidance on the laboratory tests for Zika virus infection diagnosis in order to support clinical diagnostic and case reporting through surveillance among EU Member States.

    The information is provisional and subject to revision when new information becomes available.

    来源机构: 欧洲疾病预防控制中心(ECDC) | 点击量:63
  • 摘要:

    US CDC developed the US Zika Pregnancy Registry to:

    ?

    Learn more about the effects of Zika virus infection (Zika) during pregnancy.

    ?

    Learn more about the growth and development of babies whose mothers had Zika

    while pregnant.

    CDC will collect health information about Zika and pregnant women and babies across

    the United States for the registry. CDC, health departments, doctors and healthcare

    providers will use the information from this registry to help pregnant women, children,

    and families affected by Zika

    来源机构: | 点击量:76
  • 摘要:

    From week 40/2015, the start of weekly reporting on influenza activity in the WHO European Region, to week 13/2016, over 120 000 influenza detections across the Region have been reported. Influenza type A viruses are prevailing over type B but, unlike the situation in the 2014–15 season, A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses are prevailing over A(H3N2) and the proportion of B/Victoria-lineage detections has risen substantially, representing ~94% of those assigned to a lineage.

    To date, 24 EU/EEA countries have shared 472 influenza-positive specimens with the Francis Crick Institute, London, for detailed characterisation: one additional country and 48 specimens since the February 2016 report. Since the latter report, 67 viruses have been characterised antigenically and genetic analyses are ongoing.

    The 35 A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses characterised antigenically were similar to the vaccine virus A/California/7/2009. Worldwide, new genetic sub-clusters of viruses within the 6B clade have emerged, with two being designated as subclades: 6B.1 defined by HA1 amino acid substitutions S162N and I216T and 6B.2 defined by HA1 amino acid substitutions V152T and V173I. Of the 178 viruses characterised genetically for the 2015–16 season, 24 (13%) were clade 6B, 147 (83%) were subclade 6B.1 and seven (4%) were subclade 6B.2.

    The six A(H3N2) test viruses characterised by haemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay were poorly recognised by reference antiserum raised against egg-propagated A/Switzerland/9715293/2013, the vaccine virus recommended for use in the 2015–16 northern hemisphere influenza season, despite at least three of the test viruses falling in the same subclade (3C.3a) as the vaccine virus. The test viruses were recognised somewhat better by antisera raised against egg-propagated A/Hong Kong/4801/2014, the virus recommended for use in 2016 southern hemisphere and 2016–17 northern hemisphere influenza vaccines. Of 55 A(H3N2) viruses characterised genetically for the 2015–16 season: one (2%) was clade 3C.3, 32 (58%) were subclade 3C.2a and 22 (40%) were subclade 3C.3a.

    The 23 B/Victoria-lineage viruses were antigenically similar to tissue culture-propagated surrogates of B/Brisbane/60/2008. All 56 viruses characterised genetically for the 2015–16 season fell in genetic clade 1A as do recently collected viruses worldwide.

    Three B/Yamagata viruses have been characterised since the previous report; all reacted well with post-infection ferret antiserum raised against egg-propagated B/Phuket/3073/2013, the recommended vaccine virus for the northern hemisphere 2015–16 influenza season and for quadrivalent vaccines in the 2016 southern hemisphere and 2016–17 northern hemisphere seasons. All 10 viruses characterised genetically for the 2015–16 season fell in genetic clade 3.

    来源机构: | 点击量:51
  • 摘要:

    中华人民共和国国家卫生和计划生育委员会2016-04-05

    黄热病主要在中南美洲和非洲的热带地区流行。我国于2016年3月12日确诊首例输入性黄热病病例,截至3月24日共发现6例输入性病例,均来自安哥拉。为做好黄热病医疗救治相关工作,国家卫生和计划生育委员会组织专家在借鉴世界卫生组织有关指南和总结国内有关病例救治经验的基础上,对黄热病诊疗方案进行修订完善,形成《黄热病诊疗方案(2016年版)》(可从国家卫生计生委网站下载)。现印发给你们,请参照执行。

      各地卫生计生行政部门特别是与疫情发生地有人员往来的口岸地区卫生计生部门,要继续做好相关防控和医疗救治准备工作,保持与口岸卫生检疫、交通等部门的沟通与联动,保证各项防控措施落实到位。要加强病例管理,做到早发现、早诊断、早治疗,按照诊疗方案有关要求为患者提供规范的诊疗服务,做好病例防蚊隔离工作。加强医务人员培训,提高黄热病早期识别和诊疗能力。有疾病传播蚊媒分布的省份要加强环境卫生整治,根据蚊媒监测情况及时、有效开展灭蚊工作,降低蚊媒疾病传播风险。

    来源:国家卫生计生委办公厅关于印发黄热病诊疗方案(2016年版)的通知 - 中华人民共和国国家卫生和计划生育委员会 http://www.nhfpc.gov.cn/yzygj/s3593g/201604/9940aa0e0bee4e5eaaac03a21d18e7e9.shtml

    来源机构: | 点击量:120
  • 摘要:

    中华人民共和国国家卫生和计划生育委员会2016-04-01

    2016年2月,国家卫生和计划生育委员会印发了《寨卡病毒病防控方案(第一版)》(国卫发明电〔2016〕4号)。为适应防控形势的变化,进一步做好防控工作,切实维护人民群众身体健康和生命安全,国家卫生和计划生育委员会组织对此方案进行了修订,形成《寨卡病毒病防控方案(第二版)》(可从国家卫生计生委网站www.nhfpc.gov.cn下载)。

    来源:http://www.nhfpc.gov.cn/jkj/s3577/201604/d27c387de74a48668dc895371c97e523.shtml

    来源机构: | 点击量:75
  • 摘要:

    中华人民共和国国家卫生和计划生育委员会2016-03-30

    近期,报告寨卡病毒感染病例的国家有增多趋势。截至2016年3月8日,至少在非洲、亚洲、欧洲、美洲的55个国家有寨卡病毒传播的证据,以巴西疫情最为严重。2016年2月9日我国江西省发现首例输入性病例,截至2016年3月11日共发现输入性病例13例。为做好寨卡病毒病医疗救治相关工作,国家卫生计生委组织专家在借鉴世界卫生组织有关指南和总结国内有关病例救治经验的基础上,对寨卡病毒病诊疗方案进行修订完善,形成《寨卡病毒病诊疗方案(2016年第2版)》(可从国家卫生计生委网站下载)。现印发给你们,请参照执行。

      各地卫生计生行政部门特别是与疫情发生地有人员往来的口岸地区卫生计生部门,要继续做好寨卡病毒疫情防控和医疗救治准备工作,保持与口岸卫生检疫、交通等部门的沟通与联动,保证各项防控措施落实到位。要加强病例管理,做到早发现、早诊断、早治疗,按照诊疗方案有关要求为患者提供规范的诊疗服务,做好病例防蚊隔离工作。加强医务人员培训,提高寨卡病毒病早期识别和诊疗能力。有疾病传播蚊媒分布的省份要加强环境卫生整治,根据蚊媒监测情况及时、有效开展灭蚊工作,降低蚊媒疾病传播风险。

    来源:国家卫生计生委办公厅关于印发寨卡病毒病诊疗方案(2016年第2版)的通知 - 中华人民共和国国家卫生和计划生育委员会 http://www.nhfpc.gov.cn/yzygj/s3593g/201603/caf676bda9db4c94950126f9cb126b96.shtml

    来源机构: | 点击量:106
  • 摘要:

    ?Influenza virus characterisation, Summary Europe, February 2016

    11 Mar 2016

    From week 40/2015, the start of weekly reporting on influenza activity in the WHO European Region, to week 07/2016 over 70 000 influenza detections across the Region have been reported. Influenza type A viruses are prevailing over type B but, unlike the situation in the 2014–15 season, A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses are prevailing over A(H3N2), and the proportion of B/Victoria-lineage detections has risen substantially, representing ~92% of those ascribed to a B virus lineage.

    To date, 23 EU/EEA countries have shared 424 influenza-positive specimens with the Francis Crick Institute, London, for detailed characterisation: 16 additional countries and 330 specimens since the December 2015 report. Since the latter report, 230 viruses have been characterised antigenically and genetic analyses are ongoing.

    The 166 A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses characterised antigenically were similar to the vaccine virus A/California/7/2009. Worldwide new genetic sub-clusters of viruses within the 6B clade have emerged, with two being designated as subclades: 6B.1 defined by HA1 amino acid substitutions S162N and I216T and 6B.2 defined by HA1 amino acid substitutions V152T and V173I. Of the 123 viruses characterised genetically, 18 (14%) were clade 6B, 98 (80%) were subclade 6B.1 and seven (6%) were subclade 6B.2.

    The 26 A(H3N2) test viruses characterised by haemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay were poorly recognised by reference antiserum raised against egg-propagated A/Switzerland/9715293/2013, the vaccine virus recommended for use in the 2015–2016 northern hemisphere influenza season, despite over 75% of the test viruses falling in the same genetic subclade (3C.3a) as the vaccine virus. The test viruses were recognised somewhat better by antisera raised against egg-propagated A/Hong Kong/4801/2014, the virus recommended for use in 2016 southern hemisphere and 2016–2017 northern hemisphere influenza vaccines. Of 40 A(H3N2) viruses characterised genetically: one (2%) was clade 3C.3, 23 (58%) were subclade 3C.2a and 16 (40%) were subclade 3C.3a.

    The 33 B/Victoria-lineage viruses were antigenically similar to B/Brisbane/60/2008 and fell in genetic clade 1A as do recently collected viruses worldwide.

    The five B/Yamagata viruses characterised fell in genetic clade 3 and reacted well with post-infection ferret antiserum raised against egg-propagated B/Phuket/3073/2013, the recommended vaccine virus for the northern hemisphere 2015–16 influenza season and for use in quadrivalent vaccines in the 2016 southern hemisphere and 2016–17 northern hemisphere influenza seasons.

    - See more at: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications/_layouts/forms/Publication_DispForm.aspx?List=4f55ad51-4aed-4d32-b960-af70113dbb90&ID=1447#sthash.BEgxu8S0.dpuf

    来源机构: | 点击量:34