The Research Plan provides guidance in terms of research focus. The identified research questions therefore are by no means exhaustive. Furthermore, whilst this research plan focuses on the research necessary for the advancement of some of the national goals, research aimed at knowledge generation would also be highly encouraged. As such, the focus of nanoscience and nanotechnology research will not be exclusively confined to research identified herein. Furthermore, the DST will put in place mechanisms for determining health, safety, environmental and risk issues associated with nanotechnology research and application using internationally-accepted best practice3. This effort will be aimed at ensuring that nanotechnology research,including that prescribed in this document, is done in accordance with international best practice.