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New species of tree discovered in Tanzania mountains -- ScienceDaily
Science News from research organizationsNew species of tree discovered in Tanzania mountains. Date: July 16, 2019 Source: University of York Summary: Researchers have discovered a new species of tree in the Usambara Mountains in Tanzania, part of the Eastern Arc Mountains, and a globally important region for species in need of conservation. Share:FULL STORY Researchers have discovered a new species of tree in the Usambara Mountains in Tanzania, part of the Eastern Arc Mountains, and a globally important region for species in need of conservation.advertisement The tree, which grows up to 20m tall and has white flowers, has been categorised as endangered due to its restricted population range at only 8km-sq. It is as yet unknown what kind of wildlife might rely on the tree, but it is most likely pollinated by a species of beetle. Researcher Dr Andy Marshall, from the University of York's Department of Environment and Geography, discovered the tree when carrying out a survey of the forest to understand the environmental factors that influence the amount of carbon that forests can store. Botanist George Gosline, from Kew Gardens, recognized that this is a new species related to a group previously thought to be restricted to western Africa. This in turn led to recognition of three new species in the group. Dr Marshall said: "The tree is in a particularly beautiful part of the world -- up high in the clouded mountains and surrounded by tea estates. Now that we know it exists, we have to look at ways to protect it. "With such a small population, it is important that it does not become isolated from other forests in the region, due to increasing agriculture. Small forests need to be connected to others to ensure seed dispersal and species adaptation to climate change." The forests of these mountains have been reduced in size by thousands of square kilometres over the past hundred or so years and are now threatened by climate change. The researchers argue that it is essential to look at conservation methods in order to maintain or increase the tree population. Research shows that forests that have been restored with the help of human intervention rarely achieve the same number of species that would have occurred naturally. This means that conservation efforts should begin before any further damage occurs. A research project, led by Dr Marshall, in another part of Tanzania, the Magombera Forest, should provide researchers with further understanding of the best methods to employ for protecting these secluded rare species. The project includes working with local villagers to develop new methods for restoring forests and to find alternative sources for wood, and how local people can help to reduce wildfires and invasive vines that can kill trees. With local support, thousands of small trees have grown back in areas once lost, suggesting that a similar approach could be used in other areas where species are at risk of becoming extinct through human activity and climate change. George Gosline, botanist from Kew Gardens, said: "The discovery of this extremely rare species reaffirms the importance of the Eastern Arc Mountains as one of the most important reservoirs of biodiversity in Africa. "The area is a refuge for ancient species from a time when a great forest covered all of tropical Africa. These forest remnants are precious and irreplaceable." The discovery is not the first to be made in the region by Dr Andy Marshall; other discoveries in the Eastern Arc Mountains include a new chameleon species and the Polyceratocarpus askhambryan-iringae tree, which was discovered by chance whilst Dr Marshall was researching one of the world's rarest primates, the kipunji monkey. The research, funded by the Leverhulme Trust; Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew; Australian Research Council; African Wildlife Foundation; Flamingo Land Ltd.; and the B. A. Krukoff Fund for the Study of African Botany, is published in Kew Bulletin.advertisement Story Source: Materials provided by University of York. Note: Content may be edited for style and length. Journal Reference: George Gosline, Andrew R. Marshall, Isabel Larridon. Revision and new species of the African genus Mischogyne (Annonaceae). Kew Bulletin, 2019; 74 (2) DOI: 10.1007/s12225-019-9804-7 . Cite This Page:MLA. APA. Chicago.University of York. "New species of tree discovered in Tanzania mountains." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 July 2019. /releases/2019/07/190716103356.htm>. University of York. (2019, July 16). New species of tree discovered in Tanzania mountains. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 16, 2019 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/07/190716103356.htm University of York. "New species of tree discovered in Tanzania mountains." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/07/190716103356.htm (accessed July 16, 2019). advertisementRELATED TOPICSPlants & AnimalsNew Species . Trees . Nature . Endangered Animals . Earth & ClimateForest . Rainforests . Exotic Species . Environmental Awareness . advertisement RELATED TERMSConservation status . Mountain . Invasive species . Tree frog . Marine conservation . Bamboo plant . White's Tree Frog . Biodiversity Action Plan . RELATED STORIESTargeted Forest Regeneration: A Blueprint for Conserving Tropical Biological Diversity?. Aug. 22, 2017 — Targeted forest regeneration among the largest and closest forest fragments in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania and the Atlantic Forest of Brazil can dramatically reduce extinction rates of bird ... read moreMicroscopic Soil Creatures Could Orchestrate Massive Tree 'Migrations'. May 8, 2017 — Warming temperatures are prompting some tree species in the Rocky Mountains to 'migrate' to higher elevations in order to survive. Researchers have discovered that tiny below-ground ... read morePeat Bog Reveals More Than 1,000 Years of Tanzanian History. Nov. 8, 2016 — Scientists have charted more than 1,000 years of Tanzanian environmental history using sediments extracted from a peat bog. Working in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania, where only 15% of the ... read moreDiscovery of 27 Vertebrates Reveals Unmatched Biodiversity in Tanzania. Sep. 26, 2014 — A study by an international team of scientists updates knowledge on the faunal richness of the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania and Kenya. The discovery presents 27 new vertebrate species, and ... read more FROM AROUND THE WEB Below are relevant articles that may interest you. 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